Based on an analysis of the Danish, British, and Saudi models of countering radicalization, this paper offers a number of generally-applicable recommendations to countries facing similar challenges. First, a country should develop an effective strategy for differentiating radicalized individuals who are reformable from those who are not. For individuals deemed reformable, the government should offer them a chance to de-radicalize and reintegrate back into society rather than face prosecution and/or incarceration. An effective de-radicalization program will be individually-tailored, use reformed former-radicals to offer counter-narratives to extremist teachings, and offer educational and vocational training to facilitate reform and prepare for reintegration. At the conclusion of the de-radicalization program, the government should monitor individuals based on different threat levels they pose and provide temporal and family support where fiscally feasible.
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