No. 51: San Marino: Navigating the European Union as a Microstate


Publish Date:
April 1, 2021
Publication Title:
European Union [EU] Law Working Papers
Stanford Law School
Working Paper
  • Thomas W. Lopez, San Marino: Navigating the European Union as a Microstate, EU Law Working Papers No. 51, Stanford-Vienna Transatlantic Technology Law Forum (2021).
Related Organization(s):


This paper explores the legal mechanisms through which European microstate San Marino interacts with the European Union. Although San Marino is not currently a Member State of the European Union, the Italian enclave is afforded certain privileges through bilateral agreements with both the EU and Italy. By tracing the history of these agreements, the paper illustrates the legal shortcomings and benefits of the current system and outlines strategies for future integration.