Report from Stanford Law School Policy Lab and Bezos Earth Fund Makes Recommendations to Advance Climate-Smart Forestry Practices

STANFORD, CA, July 11, 2023—Forests across the United States are major contributors to the fight against climate change, annually removing damaging excess carbon from the atmosphere equivalent to approximately 13 percent of overall U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. According to a new report published today by Stanford Law School’s (SLS) Law and Policy Lab and the Bezos Earth Fund, implementing “climate-smart” forestry practices—such as expanding urban forests, integrating trees into pasture lands, and accelerating reforestation activities—can increase carbon removals even more.

The report, titled “Measuring the Carbon (and Other) Benefits of Climate-Smart Forestry Practices,” notes that new programmatic and funding support from the federal government lays out a path to expand forest-related carbon removals, but it points out that the inability to reliably track and quantify carbon removals and other co-benefits from forestry practices is holding back wider adoption of such practices. 

The study recommends that the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Forest Service improve how carbon removals are measured and monitored by deploying newly-available remote sensing and machine learning capabilities to augment traditional plot-based data collected by the Forest Service. Combining these data sources and analytical techniques can generate reliable estimates of how much carbon is being removed from the atmosphere through new investments in climate-smart forestry practices. The ability to connect carbon removals with specific forest practices, and making the results readily available to the public, will provide a sound basis to incentivize and confirm forest carbon removals. 

The report also includes specific recommendations to advance the most promising climate-smart forestry practices, including agroforestry, reforestation, urban forestry, improved forest management, long-lived wood products, and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage. It also stresses the significant co-benefits that flow from sound forestry management including, for example, the localized cooling impact of planting trees in urban areas. The report recommends that the USDA and Forest Service work with outside partners to measure and monitor these types of additional co-benefits.

David Hayes

“Forests provide a critically-important nature-based tool to combat the climate crisis,” said lead author and SLS lecturer David J. Hayes, former special assistant to President Biden for climate policy. “It is now possible to more closely track the amount of carbon that planting new trees and extending the lives of existing trees is removing from the atmosphere. Validating additional carbon removals will incentivize more investment in our forests—generating significant climate benefits, while also providing habitat for wildlife, shade from heat, and clean water and recreational opportunities for our communities.” 

The report is the product of an interdisciplinary policy lab practicum, commissioned by the Bezos Earth Fund and led by Hayes. The research and recommendations were developed by SLS students and other graduate students from the Stanford Graduate School of Business and the Doerr School of Sustainability under Hayes’ direction. In April, Hayes’ policy lab and the Bezos Earth Fund released a related report, “Data Progress Needed for Climate-Smart Agriculture,” which addressed climate-smart agriculture issues. 

View the Summary & Report

About the SLS Law and Policy Lab

Under the guidance of seasoned faculty advisers, Law and Policy Lab students counsel real-world clients in such areas as education, the environment, copyright and patent reform, governance and transparency in emerging economies, policing technologies, and energy and the environment.

Policy labs address problems for real clients, using analytic approaches that supplement traditional legal analysis. Typically, policy labs assist clients through empirical evidence that scopes a policy problem and assesses options and courses of action. The resulting deliverables reflect the needs of the client grounded in the law school’s belief that systematic examination of societal problems, informed by rigorous data analysis, can generate solutions to society’s most challenging public problems.

About Stanford Law School

Stanford Law School is one of the nation’s leading institutions for legal scholarship and education. Its alumni are among the most influential decision makers in law, politics, business, and high technology. Faculty members argue before the Supreme Court, testify before Congress, produce outstanding legal scholarship and empirical analysis, and contribute regularly to the nation’s press as legal and policy experts. Stanford Law School has established a model for legal education that provides rigorous interdisciplinary training, hands-on experience, global perspective, and focus on public service, spearheading a movement for change.