The Use of Artificial Intelligence in International Human Rights Law


Over the last decade, AI has become an increasingly important tool in the enforcement of international human rights law. This Note provides a comprehensive overview of the implementation and application of AI technologies in the international human rights law space with a particular focus on how AI is being used to track and report on the enjoyment or violation of human rights. From the use of thermal imaging to monitor ethnic violence in Myanmar to the use of AI satellite imaging to quantify village destruction in Darfur, AI is already being used in impactful ways in this space. With new technologies emerging each day, the use of AI will continue to expand into the human rights space. The use of AI for the “good” of human rights may be transformative. At the same time, the same technologies may be used to perpetuate harms, so it is equally important to understand where AI must be mitigated by thoughtful legal and regulatory intervention. Based on the information gleaned from the case studies and exploration of limits and harms, this article proposes a framework for assessing impact of AI in the international human rights monitoring and reporting context. Using a cost-benefit analysis, practitioners can use this framework to determine where in the human rights space AI should or should not be used.


Stanford University Stanford, California
  • Anne Dulka, The Use of Artificial Intelligence in International Human Rights Law, 26 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. (2023).
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