Three Strikes Project


Three Strikes Project 3

We represent people serving the longest and most unjust prison terms in the country. Most of our clients are serving life sentences under the “Three Strikes” law for minor crimes. We’ve won an unprecedented string of court cases, securing the freedom of over 200 clients sentenced to life for crimes as minor as shoplifting a pair of socks, attempting to steal a car radio, and simple drug possession. We also pursue civil rights impact cases in federal court, challenging mandatory minimum sentences and unfair prison conditions and policies.


Three Strikes & Justice Advocacy Project 10

Over a decade ago, we pioneered “second look” re-sentencing reform, leading to early release of thousands of people unnecessarily incarcerated—and we continue to develop, enact, and implement innovative criminal law reforms to repeal and amend the harshest and least effective criminal laws across the country. Our initiatives have been called “a proven path to clearing out its overcrowded prisons” by The New York Times. In total, over 30,000 people have had sentences reduced under legislation we wrote and developed. Studies show the reforms have improved public safety and saved of hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars.

Legal Training


Training a new generation of attorneys is at the core of our mission. Stanford Law School students participate in every aspect of our work. Students receive hands-on experience studying mass incarceration, criminal law reform, and post-conviction litigation up close and in real time. Coursework covers constitutional doctrine, advanced criminal procedure, and litigation skills and strategies. Students contribute to live cases, draft court pleadings, conduct investigations, visit clients in prison, and help develop policy reforms.


Three Strikes & Justice Advocacy Project 25

Our “Ride Home” re-entry program was developed in partnership the White House and U.S. Dept. of Justice in 2014 to provide intensive support to people immediately upon their release from prison. The program employs formerly incarcerated re-entry counselors to greet freed inmates at the prison gates when they are most vulnerable to relapse and recidivism, safely transferring them to a pre-screened longterm residential reentry program. On President Obama’s last day in office, the White House said that his federal clemency initiative “could not have been realized” without the Project’s support.


Three Strikes & Justice Advocacy Project 12

We leverage expertise and resources at the world’s leading research institutions to evaluate what works (and doesn’t work) in the criminal legal system. In addition to Stanford, we partner with the California Committee on Revision of the Penal Code and researchers at Stanford and U.C. Berkeley to develop and analyze the largest database of criminal law data in the country. Our research leads to new scholarship and policy proposals addressing efficacy of long prison sentences, disparities among racial groups and people with mental illness, legislative reform implementation, addiction, and recidivism mitigation.


Three Strikes & Justice Advocacy Project 22

We collaborate closely with California Governor Gavin Newsom, the California Committee on the Revision of the Penal Code, local and state officials, and the California Policy Lab at U.C. Berkeley to develop criminal law policies that improve public safety and reduce unnecessary incarceration at the same time. We are also proud of our past work with the Obama administration and our longtime relationship with the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. We continue to work closely with civil rights groups, law enforcement leaders, community service providers, and other stakeholders.

Publications & Reports

publications icon
A Different Kind Of Sentencing Commission: A Model For Prison Downsizing Across The Country read more
publications icon
Striking Back: Using Death Penalty Law to Fight Disproportionate Sentences Imposed Under California’s Three Strikes Law read more
publications icon
Justice That Heals: Promoting Behavioral Health, Safeguarding the Public, and Ending Our Overreliance on Jails read more
publications icon
The Prevalence and Severity of Mental Illness Among California Prisoners on the Rise read more
publications icon
Law Enforcement is on the Front Lines of Race War read more
publications icon
Proposition 47 Progress Report: Year One Implementation read more
publications icon
When Did Prisons Become Acceptable Mental Healthcare Facilities? read more
publications icon
Proposition 36 Progress Report: Over 1,500 Prisoners Released; Historically Low Recidivism Rate read more
publications icon
Progress Report: Three Strikes Reform (Proposition 36); 1,000 Prisoners Released read more

see all publications

In the News

The Three Strikes Project’s work has been praised as “a voice for the forsaken” by The Economist, “a proven path to clearing out overcrowded prisons” by The New York Times, and a “champion of change” by the Obama White House.

Three Strikes Project

The Bicycle Thief. Over twenty years ago, 60 Minutes profiled our client Steven Bell, who was sentenced to life under the Three Strikes law for stealing a bicycle. In this update, they describe his release, thanks to advocacy from our students.

Three Strikes & Justice Advocacy Project 19

PBS/POV feature documentary follows the first year implementing California’s Three Strikes Reform Act (Proposition 36).


You Just Got Out of Prison. Now What?
New York Times Magazine

A Voice For the Forsaken
The Economist

Law Students Help Free Three-Strikes Offenders
The Los Angeles Times

The Stupidest Law Ever
Rolling Stone

Out of Prison, and Staying Out, After 3rd Strike in California
The New York Times

Coming Together on Crime
National Law Journal

see all news


Please note: we cannot accept or return unsolicited mail.